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Publication Title | An Explorative Study on Remote Workers

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As already is found, that time- and self-management are particularly important for constructing work- life balance while remote working. It is found that other KSAO’s also influence the work-life balance highly, but also the ease to adapt and overcome challenges according to work-life balance.
For all the interviewees the engagement of the company into this topic is found to be really important. They mention that it highly contributes to the ease of finding the balance between work and life. If a company does not ask for long working hours and offer enough vacation days it contributes highly to their work-life balance. Also clear communication of goals and expectations are positively contributing. Many of the companies spoke openly about the work-life balance with their employees and try to help them with finding a balance as much as possible. For the majority of interviewees leisure activities were highly stimulated and paid for by the company. This engagement of a company is highly valued by the interviewees and seen as a positive influencing factor on their own work-life balance. Although this is not confirmed in scientific research before.
Another influencing factor, which is specific for one group, is traveling. Digital nomads tend to build different work-life balances then people working from a fixed location. During the interviews it was only possible to speak to one digital nomad. In different environments it was possible to speak to more digital nomads. To support the findings, questions were posted on several digital nomad Facebook groups. It is found that they mainly share the same feeling; working as a digital nomad is found different then working from a fixed location. When taking this according to work-life balance it is found that when changing country, a new balance should be found again every time. The time to find this balance depends on a person, but many say it takes them about a month. It is found to become easier but the transition period stays. Digital nomads, is a new research topic, which is not explored before(Mller, 2016).
6.3 Cultural differences
RQ3: What are perceived to be the most essential differences in cultural perspectives on job satisfaction and work-life balance?
Cultural diversity is a primary antecedent, along with geographical distribution, of distributed teams. Cultural identity causes differences in beliefs, expectations, basic assumptions, and behavior and these differences influence distributed teams (Scott & Wildman, 2015). The reactions to work and family demands differ among people across countries and continents at various levels of economic development (Chandra, 2012). These differences can also affect one’s perspective on job satisfaction and work-life balance.
In the questionnaire two questions were included related to cultural differences. Asking if the candi- dates have the feeling that there are cultural differences according to the perspective on job satisfaction or work-life balance. Both were answered with slightly agreement, but the answers were divided. Feed- back during the interviews gave the information that everyone had a different understanding of the questions. It can be concluded that the question was to ambiguous.
Research on virtual teams often considers the impact of national or cultural factors, but Gilson et al. (2015) posits that comparing the generational impact of members or subgroups may highlight some key differences (Gilson et al., 2015). Furthermore it is found that cross-cultural adaptations become more complex depending on the numerical proportion of team members from different national cultures and virtuality (Zhang et al., 2007).
During the interviews it stands out that the interviewees have the feeling that there are cultural differences in their team or company. But they all find it hard to explicitly name the differences they are experiencing. Most of them describe it as a feeling that there is a difference, just a few are able to explain it in more detail or give some examples. But also the few who are able to explain it in more detail find it difficult to relate cultural differences in job satisfaction or work-life balance.
A specific question according to cultural differences in relation to job satisfaction or work-life balance 17–11–2017 Page 34 of 69

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